Types of Abortion Procedures: How Do They Affect Me?

When you find out you are unexpectedly pregnant, it can feel like your whole world has been turned upside down and you wonder if your life will ever be the way it was before. It’s a scary time, and it can be hard to not only deal with what you do know but also to get information on what you don’t know. If you are considering different types of abortion procedures, you might wonder how they would affect you.

Pre-Abortion Screening

There are several different types of abortion procedures, and which one is chosen is based on how far along you are in your pregnancy. Before you get further into that, though, let us tell you why a pre-abortion screening is important for you.

The first step in the screening process is a no-cost pregnancy test to confirm your at-home results. This is done because, occasionally, the at-home results are wrong, and we want to make sure we have accurate results. The next step is a no-cost ultrasound that will confirm how far along your pregnancy is and if the pregnancy is viable or likely to end in miscarriage.

Up to 50 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage, half of them before the woman even knows she is pregnant. More than 80 percent of miscarriages take place within the first three months of pregnancy, also called the first trimester [1].

Symptoms of a miscarriage include bleeding which can start light and increase to heavy, severe cramps, abdominal pain, fever, weakness and back pain [1].

The final step for pre-abortion screening is testing for STDs. This is because, left untreated, STDs can result in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) leading to chronic pain and infertility. Identification and treatment for an STD before an abortion procedure is essential so don’t wait to be tested.

Types of Abortion

Early pregnancy abortion procedures include medical abortion, manual vacuum aspiration, and aspiration.

Medical abortion, also known as the abortion pill, is done through nine weeks gestation and consists of taking two pills, one at the clinic and one at home the next day [3]. Manual vacuum aspiration is a medical procedure done in the clinic or hospital between three and 12 weeks gestation and is considered to be less invasive. In this procedure, local anesthesia is used on the cervix. Aspiration is a surgical abortion procedure used up to 16 weeks gestation and can also be called suction curettage, dilation and curettage, or vacuum aspiration [3].

Abortion procedures done during the second trimester, up until 16 weeks gestation, include dilation and curettage, and dilation and evacuation [3]. Abortion procedures done after 16 weeks, up through 24 weeks are considered late-term abortions. How late they can be done is up to each individual state. They include induction abortion, and dilation and extraction [3].

Come In for Testing and Information

Come to Pregnancy Care Clinic for no-cost, pre-abortion testing and more information on abortions and alternatives to abortion. Our caring, supportive advocates will be there for you every step of the way. From testing to providing you the unbiased, critical information you need, and answering your questions, we will be with you. We will help guide you as you make a thoughtful decision on what is best for you in a quiet, comforting, non-judgmental environment.

[1] WebMD. (n.d.). Miscarriage symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Retrieved May 9, 2019 from https://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/pregnancy-miscarriage#1

[2] American Pregnancy Association. (2015, December 11). PID: Pelvic inflammatory disease. Retrieved May 9, 2019 from https://americanpregnancy.org/womens-health/pelvic-inflammatory-disease/

[3] American Pregnancy Association. (2017, April 08). Abortion procedures during first, second and third trimester. Retrieved May 9, 2019 from https://americanpregnancy.org/unplanned-pregnancy/abortion-procedures/Top of Form